Skin pigmentation can be a common condition. It’s important that you understand the different types so that the best treatment is possible.
Indians are very familiar with skin pigmentation. It can have a significant psychological impact. You need to be aware of the different types of pigmentation and how they can be treated.
Skin pigmentation: Causes
Conditions such as melasma and freckles are some of the most common causes. These conditions can lead to light brown to dark brown and even greyish or bluish discolouration.
To accurately diagnose the cause of the pigmentation requires medical expertise and skin biopsy.
Freckles are another common cause of pigmented spots on India’s face. These small brown spots are caused by sun exposure. These two factors are responsible for the majority of these spots.
Lentigines can also be small brown spots that appear in areas exposed to the sun but are typically darker in colour.
Acanthosis is a common cause of skin pigmentation, especially on the neck and face. Acanthosis nigricans is characterised by thickened, dark, velvety skin on the neck and face. It can be a sign of diabetes, obesity, nutritional deficiencies, or even cancer.
Different types of pigmentation
Melasma is the most common form of pigmentation in India. It can be classified as epidermal or dermal, depending on how deep it is. The pigment in the epidermal type is brown, while the pigment in the dermal type is grey-brown.
Once we have identified the type of pigment, we can formulate a treatment plan. Melasma can be caused by hormonal changes, thyroid problems, hormonal changes, hormonal disorders, genetic history, pregnancy, and oral medications such as phenytoin or griseofulvin.
It isn’t easy to diagnose pigmented spots on the skin, as many of these conditions overlap with clinical features.
How can I treat skin pigmentation?
Treatment of these clinical entities involves eliminating provoking factors, strict protection from the sun and pigment reduction.
Photoprotection is both oral and topical. It includes wearing shades and hats outdoors and using an umbrella or a hat.
Lifestyle modifications such as avoiding outdoor activities between 11 AM and 4 PM can benefit.
After a proper diagnosis, you can start topical skin lightening agents.
Azelaic acid and hydroquinone are some of the skin-lightening ingredients. These agents should be used in conjunction with sunscreens. Talk to your doctor if you feel reddening or irritated.